|Sonia Sotomayor at Berkeley Unified Schools|
Photo: Berkeley USD @ Flickr
I just finished My Beloved World, a memoir by Sotomayor of her life up to her first appointment as a judge. It is a well-written story, and she will impress you with her positive attitude, perseverance and grace. It makes me extremely glad to have her on the court.
By why blog about it here? Because there were a few bits about education to share. Her experiences in poor (low SES) schools, transitioning to Princeton, the importance of role models and mentors, the impact of service work, and addressing bias throughout her life are all worth reading. Her success in overcoming adversity (family alcoholism, diabetes, etc.) are inspiring.
This story made me think about the importance of genuine assessment, and the necessity of important objectives.
... Teachers, I was finally realizing, were not the enemy.
Not most of them, anyway. There was this geometry teacher nicknamed Rigor Mortis. Word had it that she'd been at Cardinal Spellman since before the invention of the triangle ... I was shocked when she called me into her office and accused me of cheating. The basis for her accusation was my perfect score on the Regents geometry exam. No one in all of her centuries of experience had ever scored a hundred on the Regents.
"So who did I cheat from?" I asked indignantly. "Who else got a hundred that I could have copied from?"
She looked flummoxed for a moment. "But you've never scored higher than eighties or low nineties on the practice tests. How could you get a hundred?"
The truth, as I explained, was that I'd never once got an answer wrong on the practice tests; points had been deducted only because I hadn't followed the steps she had prescribed. I had reasoned out my own steps, which made sense to me, and she had never explained what was wrong with them. On the Regents exam we only had to give the answer; no one was checking the steps.
What happened next truly amazed me. She dug out my old tests and reviewed them. Acknowledging the validity of my proofs, she changed my grades. Even Rigor Mortis, it turned out, wasn't quite as rigid as all that. (Chapter 11)One of her high school teachers expounded the value of critical thinking, but she had never learned to do it. Justice Sotomayor's first taste of argument came in a good forensics experience. (Itself a good story.) Then, at Princeton, freshman year:
Professor Weiss told a familiar tale: although my paper was chock-full of information and even interesting ideas, there was no argumentative structure, no thesis that my litany of facts had been marshaled to support. "That's what analysis is - the framework of cause and effect," she said. Her point was a variation of what Ms. Katz had been getting at, though now it was coming across more clearly and consequentially. Obviously, I was still regurgitating information. It was dawning on me that in all my classes I was so concerned with absorbing the facts in the reading that I wasn't marshaling them into a larger argument. By now, several people had pointed out where I needed to go, but none could show me the way. I began to despair of ever learning how to succeed at my assignments when quite unexpectedly it occurred to me: I already knew how. (Chapter 15)This is a call to me, again to emphasize what is important in mathematics, and to support students in achieving that. There's also a lot here for me about the importance of transfer, giving learners the oppportunity to apply math in their other work and to bring in their successes in other areas into the math classroom.
And she makes a nice plug for numeracy when discussing her diabetes, as well as a nice demonstration of questioning in problem solving.
I test my blood sugar and give myself shots five or six times a day now. When deciding what I'm going to eat, I calculate the carbohydrate, fat and protein contents. I ask myself a litany of questions: How much insulin do I need? When is it going to kick in? When was my last shot? Will I walk farther than usual or exert myself in a way that might accelerate the absorption rate? If I weren't good at math, this would be difficult. (Chapter 28)
Of course, I'm interested in your thoughts, if you'd care to share them on Twitter or in the comments.